About 90 genera and 1,200 species comprise the Iris Family, which is represented in temperate and tropical regions around the world; many of the choicest horticultural plants are included, as irises, gladioli, freesias, and crocuses; all are perennial, usually with rhizomes, corms, or bulbs. Herbs, at least the cultivated species, mostly low plants with simple or branching stems, mostly basal and equitant parallel-veined linear or sword shaped lvs; fls. showy, bisexual, issuing from a spathe of usually 2 or more herbaceous or scarious bracts; perianth of 6 parts in 2 series, the outer 3 often petal-like, all generally connate into a tube that is adnate to the ovary; stamens 3, with extrorse anthers, opposite the outer perianth-segms; pistil 1, with inferior mostly 3-celled ovary, single style and 3 stigmas which are sometimes expanded and petal-like or divided, placentation typically axile; fr. a loculicidal few-to many seeded caps. (Bailey 262).