Small glabrous trees or shrubs, of 1 genus and 2 species native from the Mediterranean region to Himalayas, but the pomegranate through long cultivation is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. Branches often spiny-tipped; leaves mostly opposite, exstipluate. Flowers bisexual, 1-5 together on the tips of axillary shoots; receptacle or calyx-tube campanulate or tubular, leathery, the 5-7 thick sepals persistent on the fruit; petals 5-7, alternate with sepals and inserted on edge of receptacle, wrinkled; stamens many, clothing the inside of the receptacle, the filaments slender; ovary inferior, 3-7 celled, the cells superimposed in 2 series, the lower with axile and upper with parietal placentation, ovules numerous on all placentae; style and stigma 1. Fruit a thick skinned spherical several-celled berry, the seeds surrounded by juicy pulp. (Bailey 721).